Some concepts are universal to all fields of research. These foundational elements (research problems, research questions, hypotheses, variables) serve as the basis for the development of meaningful research studies. This brief presentation provides a summary overview of these key concepts and serves as an orientation to research science.
- Frances Chumney, Ph.D.

Foundational Elements Handout (PDF)

The following presentation discusses the basic concepts of sampling, with a focus on terminology and sampling frames. The presentation concludes with a brief overview of some common sampling procedures.

Sampling Basics Handout (PDF)